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Divergent modulation of iron regulatory proteins and ferritin biosynthesis by hypoxia/reoxygenation in neurones and glial cells.

Authors: Irace, Carlo  Scorziello, Antonella  Maffettone, Carmen  Pignataro, Giuseppe  Matrone, Carmela  Adornetto, Annagrazia  Santamaria, Rita  Annunziato, Lucio  Colonna, Alfredo 
Citation: Irace C, etal., J Neurochem. 2005 Dec;95(5):1321-31. Epub 2005 Aug 31.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16135072
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2005.03449.x

Ferritin, the main iron storage protein, exerts a cytoprotective effect against the iron-catalyzed production of reactive oxygen species, but its role in brain injury caused by hypoxia/reoxygenation is unclear. Ferritin expression is regulated mainly at post-transcriptional level by iron regulatory proteins (IRP1 and IRP2) that bind specific RNA sequences (IREs) in the 5'untranslated region of ferritin mRNA. Here, we show that hypoxia decreases IRP1 binding activity in glial cells and enhances it in cortical neurons. These effects were reversed by reoxygenation in both cell types. In glial cells there was an early increase of ferritin synthesis during hypoxia and reoxygenation. Conversely, in cortical neurons, ferritin synthesis increased during the late phase of reoxygenation. Steady-state analysis of ferritin mRNA levels suggested that ferritin synthesis is regulated mainly post-transcriptionally by IRPs in glioma cells, both transcriptionally and post-transcriptionally in type-1 astrocytes, and mainly at transcriptional level in an IRP-independent way in neurons. The different regulation of ferritin expression may account for the different vulnerability of neurons and glial cells to the injury elicited by oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD)/reoxygenation. The greater vulnerability of cortical neurons to hypoxia-reoxygenation was strongly attenuated by the exogenous administration of ferritin during OGD/reoxygenation, suggesting the possible cytoprotective role exerted by this iron-segregating protein.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 12904046
Created: 2017-05-16
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2017-05-16
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.