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Cloning, expression analysis, and tissue distribution of esp-1/testisin, a membrane-type serine protease from the rat.

Authors: Nakamura, Y  Inoue, M  Okumura, Y  Shiota, M  Nishikawa, M  Arase, S  Kido, H 
Citation: Nakamura Y, etal., J Med Invest 2003 Feb;50(1-2):78-86.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12630572

Esp-1/testisin, a serine protease abundantly expressed in human and mouse testis, is presumed to play an important role in the process of spermatogenesis and fertilization. In this study, we cloned an esp-1/testisin cDNA from rats, and analyzed its expression and tissue distribution. The isolated cDNA consisted of 1099 nucleotides with a single open reading frame encoding 328 amino acids and an expected molecular mass of 36.6 kDa. The deduced amino acid sequence of rat Esp-1/Testisin had 89% and 62% identity with its murine and human counterparts, respectively, and appeared to be a trypsin-type serine protease with a hydrophobic region at the C-terminus. By quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis, rat esp-1/testisin mRNA was predominantly expressed in testis, as in human and mouse. However, its immunohistochemical distribution was predominantly in the elongated spermatids at steps 12 to 19, and not in the primary spermatocytes and round spermatids. This different distribution profile suggests that Esp-1/Testisin plays a role in species-specific proteolytic events during spermatogenesis and fertilization.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1299579
Created: 2004-06-01
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-04-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.