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Aberrant methylation of ERBB pathway genes in sporadic colorectal cancer.

Authors: Szmida, Elzbieta  Karpinski, Pawel  Leszczynski, Przemyslaw  Sedziak, Tomasz  Kielan, Wojciech  Ostasiewicz, Pawel  Sasiadek, Maria M 
Citation: Szmida E, etal., J Appl Genet. 2015 May;56(2):185-92. doi: 10.1007/s13353-014-0253-6. Epub 2014 Nov 1.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:25366420
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1007/s13353-014-0253-6

The ErbB signalling network plays a crucial role in the growth and progression of several cancers, including colorectal cancer (CRC), and includes potentially drug-targetable genes. Oncogenic activation of the ErbB pathway by mutations and focal amplifications have emerged recently as an important predictive marker of the prognosis of CRC patients. However, in contrast to genetic events, little is known about epigenetic alternations of ErbB-associated genes and their impact on gene expression. Genome-wide methylation in sporadic CRCs (n = 12) paired with adjacent normal tissues have been previously analysed by Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation27 (HM27) at 27,578 CpG sites. For confirmation of our initial genome-wide analysis, we used a published HM27 dataset (GSE25062). Subsequently, CpG island methylation of selected ErbB pathway-associated genes was assessed on 233 CRC samples using methylation-sensitive polymerase chain reaction (MS-PCR) and analysed along with various genetic factors associated with CRC [epigenotype, BRAF and KRAS mutations, microsatellite instability (MSI)]. Methylation and expression integration was performed using published datasets including 25 pairs of CRC and normal colon tissues (GSE25062 and GSE25070), and confirmed with real-time PCR. Our previous microarray-based genome-wide DNA methylation analysis of 12 CRCs revealed that four ErbB-associated genes (PIK3CD, PKC¿, ERBB4, ) were differentially methylated in CRCs. This was further confirmed by statistical re-analysis of an HM27 dataset (GSE25062). Frequent methylation at these loci in tumours was subsequently confirmed by MS-PCR (63%, 43%, 43% and 92%, respectively). Hypermethylation of PKC¿ associated with KRAS mutation (p = 0.04), whereas hypermethylation of ERBB4 associated with high-methylation epigenotypes (HME), BRAF mutation and MSI (p = 0.001, 0.002 and 0.0002, respectively). One of the four analysed genes (PKC¿) was significantly downregulated in CRC tissue, as revealed by real-time PCR and re-analysis of the GSE25062 and GSE25070 datasets. After careful re-analysis of published methylation and expression data, we conclude that methylation of ERBB4, PAK7 and PIK3CD has no functional role in CRC carcinogenesis. In contrast, methylation seems to have a potential impact on the biology of colorectal tumours by negatively modulating the expression of PKC¿. Importantly, the relationship between DNA methylation of PKC¿ and gene expression may warrant further attention in the context of colon cancer chemoprevention and anti-cancer therapy.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 13432038
Created: 2017-09-13
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2017-09-13
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.