Gene expression pattern of laser microdissected colonic crypts of adenomas with low grade dysplasia.

Authors: Lechner, S  Müller-Ladner, U  Renke, B  Schölmerich, J  Rüschoff, J  Kullmann, F 
Citation: Lechner S, etal., Gut. 2003 Aug;52(8):1148-53.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12865273

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colorectal epithelial cells are prone to malignant transformation. Therefore, identification of differences in gene expression in the process from normal colonic crypts to adenomas with low grade dysplasia is essential for further insights into early tumorigenesis. To achieve this goal, a novel gene expression analysis strategy, screening for expressed transcripts in small histologically defined tissue samples, was performed.
METHODS: First, laser mediated microdissection was used to isolate normal and adenomatous crypts from colonic cryosections. Then, nested RNA arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (RAP-PCR) for differential display was performed to screen mRNA populations and to generate hybridisation probes for cDNA expression arrays. After evaluation of cDNA expression arrays, differential expression was confirmed at the protein level by immunohistochemistry.
RESULTS: Evaluation of gene expression profiles of normal versus adenomatous colonic crypts of six different patients revealed, in general, dysregulation of up to 11% of all analysed genes (total number n=588): specifically, p21-rac1 was upregulated in four of six patients, mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) p38alpha in three of six patients, and interferon gamma receptor in three of six patients. Conversely, FAST kinase was found to be downregulated in three of six patients, p53 in three of six patients, and thrombospondin 2 in three of six patients.
CONCLUSIONS: For the first time, distinct gene expression profiles of dysplastic areas within colonic adenomas, using the combination of laser mediated microdissection with RAP-PCR and cDNA expression array, were shown. In these samples, upregulation of proliferation associated genes (ras-oncogene related p21-rac1 and MAPK p38alpha) as well as downregulation of apoptosis related genes (FAST kinase and p53) most likely reflects specific alterations in adenomas with low grade dysplasia. Based on upregulation of p21-rac1 and MAPK p38alpha, activation of the MAPK pathway appears to be an early event in colonic carcinogenesis.


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CRRD ID: 13432048
Created: 2017-09-14
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Last Modified: 2017-09-14
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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.