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The potential role of TGFbeta1, TGFbeta2 and TGFbeta3 protein expression in colorectal carcinomas. Correlation with classic histopathologic factors and patient survival.

Authors: Tsamandas, Athanassios C  Kardamakis, Dimitrios  Ravazoula, Panagiota  Zolota, Vassiliki  Salakou, Stavroula  Tepetes, Konstantinos  Kalogeropoulou, Cristina  Tsota, Irene  Kourelis, Theodore  Makatsoris, Thomas  Karavias, Dionissios  Scopa, Chrisoula D  Bonikos, Dionysis S  Kalofonos, Haralambos P  Petsas, Theodore 
Citation: Tsamandas AC, etal., Strahlenther Onkol. 2004 Apr;180(4):201-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15057430
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1007/s00066-004-1149-x

PURPOSE: This study investigates the expression of tumor growth factors TGFbeta1, TGFbeta2 and TGFbeta3 in tissue material from patients with colorectal carcinoma and evaluates their correlation with known prognostic markers and patient survival.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 124 patients with colorectal carcinoma. According to the TNM classification of malignant tumors, 26 tumors were identified as being stage I, 30 stage II, 48 stage III, and 20 stage IV, whereas 106 tumors were low-grade and 18 high-grade malignancies. On paraffin sections, the streptavidin-biotin technique using antibodies against TGFbeta1, TGFbeta2 and TGFbeta3 was applied. Morphological and immunohistochemical results were correlated with clinicopathologic parameters.
RESULTS: TGFbeta1 protein was expressed in 88 out of 124 (71%) carcinomas, whereas TGFbeta2 and TGFbeta3 proteins were detected in all tumors examined. Normal colonic mucosal epithelial cells expressed TGFbeta2 (significantly less as compared to neoplastic cells; p < 0.01) and TGFbeta3 (p > 0.05 compared to neoplastic cells), but not TGFbeta1. Statistical analysis revealed a higher expression of TGFbeta1 in low-grade carcinomas (p = 0.009) and a higher presence of TGFbeta2 in advanced tumors (p = 0.008). TGFbeta1 expression was related with increased disease-free and overall survival (p < 0.05 each). The presence of TGFbeta2 was correlated with worse prognosis (p < 0.05). Cox analysis revealed that besides tumor grade and stage, TGFbeta1 expression constituted an independent prognostic factor.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that in adenocarcinomas of the colon, there is a differential expression of TGFbeta1, TGFbeta2 and TGF3. TGFbeta1 may be implicated in the pathogenesis of these tumors, since it is expressed only in neoplastic but not in normal cells. TGFbeta1 is related with an increased disease-free and overall survival and constitutes an independent prognostic factor. In advanced stages, TGFbeta2 seems to be involved in tumor progression and is related with worse prognosis.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 13432086
Created: 2017-09-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2017-09-19
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.