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A unique PDZ domain and arrestin-like fold interaction reveals mechanistic details of endocytic recycling by SNX27-retromer.

Authors: Gallon, Matthew  Clairfeuille, Thomas  Steinberg, Florian  Mas, Caroline  Ghai, Rajesh  Sessions, Richard B  Teasdale, Rohan D  Collins, Brett M  Cullen, Peter J 
Citation: Gallon M, etal., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014 Sep 2;111(35):E3604-13. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1410552111. Epub 2014 Aug 18.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:25136126
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1073/pnas.1410552111

The sorting nexin 27 (SNX27)-retromer complex is a major regulator of endosome-to-plasma membrane recycling of transmembrane cargos that contain a PSD95, Dlg1, zo-1 (PDZ)-binding motif. Here we describe the core interaction in SNX27-retromer assembly and its functional relevance for cargo sorting. Crystal structures and NMR experiments reveal that an exposed ß-hairpin in the SNX27 PDZ domain engages a groove in the arrestin-like structure of the vacuolar protein sorting 26A (VPS26A) retromer subunit. The structure establishes how the SNX27 PDZ domain simultaneously binds PDZ-binding motifs and retromer-associated VPS26. Importantly, VPS26A binding increases the affinity of the SNX27 PDZ domain for PDZ- binding motifs by an order of magnitude, revealing cooperativity in cargo selection. With disruption of SNX27 and retromer function linked to synaptic dysfunction and neurodegenerative disease, our work provides the first step, to our knowledge, in the molecular description of this important sorting complex, and more broadly describes a unique interaction between a PDZ domain and an arrestin-like fold.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 13508597
Created: 2018-03-02
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2018-03-02
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.