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Expression of costimulatory molecules B7-1, B7-2, and CD40 in the heart of patients with acute myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy.

Authors: Seko, Y  Takahashi, N  Ishiyama, S  Nishikawa, T  Kasajima, T  Hiroe, M  Suzuki, S  Ishiwata, S  Kawai, S  Azuma, M  Yagita, H  Okumura, K  Yazaki, Y 
Citation: Seko Y, etal., Circulation. 1998 Feb 24;97(7):637-9.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9495297


BACKGROUND: In patients with acute myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), we previously reported that antigen-specific T cells infiltrate the heart and play an important role in the myocardial damage involved. For antigen-specific T-cell activation to occur, it is necessary for T cells to receive a costimulatory signal provided by costimulatory molecules expressed on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) as well as the main signal provided by binding of T-cell receptors to the antigen.
METHODS AND RESULTS: To investigate the roles of the costimulatory molecules B7-1, B7-2, and CD40 in the development of acute myocarditis and DCM, we analyzed the expression of these antigens in the myocardial tissues of patients with acute myocarditis and DCM. We also examined the expression of a cytolytic factor, perforin, in the infiltrating cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer (NK) cells, because both killer lymphocytes are thought to damage B7-1-expressing APCs. We found that B7-1, B7-2, and CD40 were moderately to strongly expressed in the cardiac myocytes of patients with acute myocarditis. Weak to moderate expression of these antigens was also found in the cardiac myocytes of patients with DCM. There was infiltration of perforin-expressing CTLs and NK cells in the myocardial tissues of patients with acute myocarditis and DCM.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings strongly suggest that expression of B7-1, B7-2, and CD40 antigens on cardiac myocytes may make them APCs for CTLs and NK cells and that they may play an important role in the direct myocardial damage by these killer cells in acute myocarditis and DCM.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 13702889
Created: 2018-07-23
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2018-07-23
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.