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Iron overload exacerbates age-associated cardiac hypertrophy in a mouse model of hemochromatosis.

Authors: Sukumaran, Abitha  Chang, JuOae  Han, Murui  Mintri, Shrutika  Khaw, Ban-An  Kim, Jonghan 
Citation: Sukumaran A, etal., Sci Rep. 2017 Jul 18;7(1):5756. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-05810-2.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:28720890
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1038/s41598-017-05810-2

Cardiac damage associated with iron overload is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with hereditary hemochromatosis, but the precise mechanisms leading to disease progression are largely unexplored. Here we investigated the effects of iron overload and age on cardiac hypertrophy using 1-, 5- and 12-month old Hfe-deficient mice, an animal model of hemochromatosis in humans. Cardiac iron levels increased progressively with age, which was exacerbated in Hfe-deficient mice. The heart/body weight ratios were greater in Hfe-deficient mice at 5- and 12-month old, compared with their age-matched wild-type controls. Cardiac hypertrophy in 12-month old Hfe-deficient mice was consistent with decreased alpha myosin and increased beta myosin heavy chains, suggesting an alpha-to-beta conversion with age. This was accompanied by cardiac fibrosis and up-regulation of NFAT-c2, reflecting increased calcineurin/NFAT signaling in myocyte hypertrophy. Moreover, there was an age-dependent increase in the cardiac isoprostane levels in Hfe-deficient mice, indicating elevated oxidative stress. Also, rats fed high-iron diet demonstrated increased heart-to-body weight ratios, alpha myosin heavy chain and cardiac isoprostane levels, suggesting that iron overload promotes oxidative stress and cardiac hypertrophy. Our findings provide a molecular basis for the progression of age-dependent cardiac stress exacerbated by iron overload hemochromatosis.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 14746969
Created: 2019-09-06
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2019-09-06
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.