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Serum omentin and vaspin levels in cirrhotic patients with and without portal vein thrombosis.

Authors: Kukla, Michał  Waluga, Marek  Żorniak, Michał  Berdowska, Agnieszka  Wosiewicz, Piotr  Sawczyn, Tomasz  Bułdak, Rafał J  Ochman, Marek  Ziora, Katarzyna  Krzemiński, Tadeusz  Hartleb, Marek 
Citation: Kukla M, etal., World J Gastroenterol. 2017 Apr 14;23(14):2613-2624. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v23.i14.2613.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:28465646
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.3748/wjg.v23.i14.2613

AIM: To investigate serum omentin and vaspin levels in cirrhotic patients; and to assess the relationship of these levels with hemostatic parameters, metabolic abnormalities, cirrhosis severity and etiology.
METHODS: Fifty-one cirrhotic patients (17 with portal vein thrombosis) were analyzed. Serum omentin and vaspin levels were measured with commercially available direct enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). To assess platelet activity, the following tests were performed using a MULTIPLATE®PLATELET FUNCTION ANALYZER: (1) an ADP-induced platelet activation test; (2) a cyclooxygenase dependent aggregation test (ASPI test); (3) a von Willebrand factor and glycoprotein Ib-dependent aggregation (using ristocetin) test (RISTO test); and (4) a test for thrombin receptor-activating peptide-6 induced activation of the thrombin receptor, which is sensitive to IIb/IIIa receptor antagonists.
RESULTS: Omentin, but not vaspin, serum concentrations were significantly decreased in patients with portal vein thrombosis (PVT) (P = 0.01). Prothrombin levels were significantly increased in patients with PVT (P = 0.01). The thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAP) test results were significantly lower in the PVT group (P = 0.03). No significant differences in adipokines serum levels were found regarding the etiology or severity of liver cirrhosis assessed according to the Child-Pugh or Model of End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores. There was a significant increase in the TRAP (P = 0.03), ASPI (P = 0.001) and RISTO high-test (P = 0.02) results in patients with lower MELD scores. Serum omentin and vaspin levels were significantly down-regulated in patients without insulin resistance (P = 0.03, P = 0.02, respectively). A positive relationship between omentin and vaspin levels were found both when all of the patients were analyzed (r = 0.41, P = 0.01) and among those with PVT (r = 0.94, P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Serum omentin levels are increased in patients without PVT. Cirrhosis origin and grade do not affect omentin and vaspin levels. The analyzed adipokines do not influence platelet activity.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 14985237
Created: 2019-10-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2019-10-15
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.