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Differential effect of anti-TNF-alpha antibody on proinflammatory cytokine release by Kupffer cells following liver ischemia and reperfusion.

Authors: Wanner, G A  Müller, P E  Ertel, W  Bauer, M  Menger, M D  Messmer, K 
Citation: Wanner GA, etal., Shock. 1999 Jun;11(6):391-5.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10454827

To study the role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) for induction of the proinflammatory cytokine cascade after liver ischemia and reperfusion (I/R), rats were injected intraperitoneally with anti-TNF-alpha monoclonal antibodies (mAb) or placebo (IgG1) 30 min prior to global hepatic ischemia. Blood levels of TNF-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1alpha and -6 were determined. In addition, Kupffer cells (KC) were harvested after 60 min of reperfusion and spontaneous cytokine release was measured. Sham-operated animals were used as controls. Levels of proinflammatory cytokines in serum and KC supernatants were detected using specific bioassays and ELISA. Liver I/R resulted in increased (p < .01) serum levels of TNF-alpha, IL-1alpha, and IL-6, which was associated with an enhanced (p < .05) release of these cytokines by KC. In vivo pretreatment with anti-TNF-alpha mAb led to complete neutralization of TNF-alpha serum levels and decreased (p < .01) IL-6 levels (-62%). Moreover, anti-TNF-alpha mAb markedly (p < .05) decreased the release of TNF-alpha (-69%) and IL-6 (-56%) by KC, while IL-1alpha was not affected. These data indicate that TNF-alpha produced early after liver I/R triggers both its own secretion as well as IL-6 release by KC during reperfusion while the release of IL-1alpha occurs independent from TNF-alpha.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 14985258
Created: 2019-10-15
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2019-10-15
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.