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Metabolic studies using recombinant escherichia coli cells producing rat mitochondrial CYP24 CYP24 can convert 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 to calcitroic acid.

Authors: Sakaki, T  Sawada, N  Nonaka, Y  Ohyama, Y  Inouye, K 
Citation: Sakaki T, etal., Eur J Biochem. 1999 May;262(1):43-8. doi: 10.1046/j.1432-1327.1999.00375.x.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10231362
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1046/j.1432-1327.1999.00375.x

Previously we expressed rat 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 24-hydroxylase (CYP24) cDNA in Escherichia coli JM109 and showed that CYP24 catalyses three-step monooxygenation towards 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [Akiyoshi-Shibata, M., Sakaki, T., Ohyama, Y., Noshiro, M., Okuda, K. & Yabusaki, Y. (1994) Eur. J. Biochem. 224, 335-343]. In this study, we demonstrate further oxidation by CYP24 including four- and six-step monooxygenation towards 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, respectively. When the substrate 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 was added to a culture of recombinant E. coli, four metabolites, 24, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, 24-oxo-25-hydroxyvitamin D3, 24-oxo-23, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and 24,25,26,27-tetranor-23-hydroxyvitamin D3 were observed. These results indicate that CYP24 catalyses at least four-step monooxygenation toward 25-hydroxyvitamin D3. Furthermore, in-vivo and in-vitro metabolic studies on 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 clearly indicated that CYP24 catalyses six-step monooxygenation to convert 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 into calcitroic acid which is known as a final metabolite of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 for excretion in bile. These results strongly suggest that CYP24 is largely responsible for the metabolism of both 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 and 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 14995316
Created: 2019-10-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2019-10-19
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.