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Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy caused by a novel alpha-tropomyosin mutation (V95A) is associated with mild cardiac phenotype, abnormal calcium binding to troponin, abnormal myosin cycling, and poor prognosis.

Authors: Karibe, A  Tobacman, LS  Strand, J  Butters, C  Back, N  Bachinski, LL  Arai, AE  Ortiz, A  Roberts, R  Homsher, E  Fananapazir, L 
Citation: Karibe A, etal., Circulation 2001 Jan 2;103(1):65-71.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11136687

BACKGROUND: We report hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in a Spanish-American family caused by a novel alpha-tropomyosin (TPM1) mutation and examine the pathogenesis of the clinical disease by characterizing functional defects in the purified mutant protein. METHODS AND RESULTS: HCM was linked to the TPM1 gene (logarithm of the odds [LOD] score 3.17). Sequencing and restriction digestion analysis demonstrated a TPM1 mutation V95A that cosegregated with HCM. The mutation has been associated with 13 deaths in 26 affected members (11 sudden deaths and 2 related to heart failure), with a cumulative survival rate of 73+/-10% at the age of 40 years. Left ventricular wall thickness (mean 16+/-6 mm) and disease penetrance (53%) were similar to those for the ss-myosin mutations L908V and G256E previously associated with a benign prognosis. Left ventricular hypertrophy was milder than with the ss-myosin mutation R403Q, but the prognosis was similarly poor. With the use of recombinant tropomyosins, we identified several functional alterations at the protein level. The mutation caused a 40% to 50% increase in calcium affinity in regulated thin filament-myosin subfragment-1 (S1) MgATPase assays, a 20% decrease in MgATPase rates in the presence of saturating calcium, a 5% decrease in unloaded shortening velocity in in vitro motility assays, and no change in cooperative myosin S1 binding to regulated thin filaments. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to other reported TPM1 mutations, V95A-associated HCM exhibits unusual features of mild phenotype but poor prognosis. Both myosin cycling and calcium binding to troponin are abnormal in the presence of the mutant tropomyosin. The genetic diagnosis afforded by this mutation will be valuable in the management of HCM.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1556479
Created: 2005-10-28
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2005-10-28
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.