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Cardiac ankyrin repeat protein is a novel marker of cardiac hypertrophy: role of M-CAT element within the promoter.

Authors: Aihara, Y  Kurabayashi, M  Saito, Y  Ohyama, Y  Tanaka, T  Takeda, S  Tomaru, K  Sekiguchi, K  Arai, M  Nakamura, T  Nagai, R 
Citation: Aihara Y, etal., Hypertension. 2000 Jul;36(1):48-53.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10904011

CARP, a cardiac doxorubicin (adriamycin)-responsive protein, has been identified as a nuclear protein whose expression is downregulated in response to doxorubicin. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that CARP serves as a reliable genetic marker of cardiac hypertrophy in vivo and in vitro. CARP expression was markedly increased in 3 distinct models of cardiac hypertrophy in rats: constriction of abdominal aorta, spontaneously hypertensive rats, and Dahl salt-sensitive rats. In addition, we found that CARP mRNA levels correlate very strongly with the brain natriuretic peptide mRNA levels in Dahl rats. Transient transfection assays into primary cultures of neonatal rat cardiac myocytes indicate that transcription from the CARP and brain natriuretic peptide promoters is stimulated by overexpression of p38 and Rac1, components of the stress-activated mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. Mutation analysis and electrophoretic mobility shift assays indicated that the M-CAT element can serve as a binding site for nuclear factors, and this element is important for the induction of CARP promoter activity by p38 and Rac1. Thus, our data suggest that M-CAT element is responsible for the regulation of the CARP gene in response to the activation of stress-responsive mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. Moreover, given that activation of these pathways is associated with cardiac hypertrophy, we propose that CARP represents a novel genetic marker of cardiac hypertrophy.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1578370
Created: 2006-03-09
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-03-09
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.