A direct interaction between TGFbeta activated kinase 1 and the TGFbeta type II receptor: implications for TGFbeta signalling and cardiac hypertrophy.

Authors: Watkins, SJ  Jonker, L  Arthur, HM 
Citation: Watkins SJ, etal., Cardiovasc Res. 2006 Feb 1;69(2):432-9. Epub 2005 Dec 19.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16360132
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.cardiores.2005.11.007

OBJECTIVE: Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta)-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) is a MAP kinase kinase kinase involved in numerous signalling pathways and is strongly implicated in cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. TGFbeta is also associated with hypertension and heart disease, and evidence suggests that TGFbeta1 and TAK1 act together in a cardiac stress signalling pathway. Canonical TGFbeta signalling is mediated through Smad transcription factors, but TGFbeta can also rapidly activate TAK1. The activation of the Smad cascade is well characterised, but little is known about how TAK1 is activated in response to TGFbeta, and no direct link between any MAPK kinase pathway and the TGFbeta receptors has yet been established. Since TAK1 is activated by TGFbeta within 1 min in cardiomyocytes, we hypothesised there might be a direct interaction between TAK1 and one of the TGFbeta receptors. METHODS: We used a combination of in vitro binding assays and co-immunoprecipitation (IP) experiments to investigate whether TAK1 interacted with the type I (ALK1 or ALK5) or type II (TBRII) TGFbeta receptors. Interactions between endogenous proteins were tested using mouse myoblast and rat cardiomyocyte cells. RESULTS: Immunoprecipitation and in vitro binding assays show that TAK1 binds directly to TBRII. Precipitation of endogenous TAK1 protein in rat cardiomyocytes shows that, in addition to a direct association with TBRII, it also interacts indirectly with ALK5. CONCLUSIONS: We describe a novel and specific interaction between TAK1 and TBRII which, for the first time, directly links TAK1 to the TGFbeta signalling cascade and potentially explains how TGFbeta signalling in cardiomyocytes mediates a hypertrophic response.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1579925
Created: 2006-05-31
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-05-31
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.