Differential expression of vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A) and VEGF-B after brain injury.

Authors: Nag, S  Eskandarian, MR  Davis, J  Eubanks, JH 
Citation: Nag S, etal., J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2002 Sep;61(9):778-88.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12230324

Our previous study demonstrated that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), now referred to as VEGF-A, plays a significant role in blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown and angiogenesis after brain injury. In this study, VEGF-A expression was compared with that of VEGF-B in the rat cortical cold injury model over a period of 6 hours to 6 days post-injury. VEGF-A and VEGF-B mRNA were detected by in situ hybridization and their protein was detected by immunohistochemistry. The presence of VEGF-A and VEGF-B proteins in endothelium of lesion vessels was related to BBB breakdown by double labeling for either of these growth factors and fibronectin, which was used as a marker of BBB breakdown. Significant induction of both VEGF-A and VEGF-B mRNA occurred at the lesion site during the period of maximal endothelial proliferation. VEGF-A mRNA levels peaked at 3 and 4 days post-injury and returned to basal expression by day 6, while VEGF-B mRNA levels remained elevated up to day 6. VEGF-B protein was constitutively expressed in endothelium of all cerebral vessels. After brain injury, there was increased immunoreactivity for VEGF-B at the lesion site, this protein being present in the endothelium and vascular smooth muscle cells of pial vessels, in inflammatory cells, and later in proliferating endothelial cells, endothelium of neovessels, and astrocytes. Lesion vessels showing BBB breakdown to fibronectin showed endothelial VEGF-A protein but not VEGF-B protein. Constitutive expression of VEGF-B in normal endothelium suggests that it may have a role in maintenance of the BBB in steady states, while its induction at both the gene and protein level post-injury indicates that it has an essential role in angiogenesis and the repair processes after brain injury.


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CRRD ID: 1580574
Created: 2006-08-14
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-08-14
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.