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The thiazide-sensitive Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter gene, C1784T, and adrenergic receptor-beta3 gene, T727C, may be gene polymorphisms susceptible to the antihypertensive effect of thiazide diuretics.

Authors: Matayoshi, T  Kamide, K  Takiuchi, S  Yoshii, M  Miwa, Y  Takami, Y  Tanaka, C  Banno, M  Horio, T  Nakamura, S  Nakahama, H  Yoshihara, F  Inenaga, T  Miyata, T  Kawano, Y 
Citation: Matayoshi T, etal., Hypertens Res. 2004 Nov;27(11):821-33.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15824464

The response of blood pressure to thiazide diuretics (TZDs) differs among individuals. The prediction of the antihypertensive effect of TZDs is important for realizing individualized therapy in the management of hypertension. The aim of this study was to identify the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) susceptible to the antihypertensive effect of TZDs, particularly focusing on genes related to water-electrolyte absorption in the kidney. Seventy-six outpatients (mean age, 65.4+/-9.0 years) with essential hypertension (EHT) taking TZDs were retrospectively assessed. We defined as responders (R) those whose mean blood pressure was lowered by more than 5 mmHg after the use of TZDs. Forty-eight SNPs in 17 genes (ADD1, GNB3, TSC [SLC12A3], MLR [NR3C2], NCX1 [SLC8A1], WNK1, WNK4, AGT, ACE, AT1 [AGTR1], CYP11B2, ADRB1, ADRB2, ADRB3, ADRA1A, ADRA1B, ADRA2A) were genotyped in the 76 patients. The SNPs in TSC, MLR, NCX1, WNK1, and WNK4 were identified by direct sequencing and those with minor frequencies of greater than 5% were genotyped in this study. The comparison of polymorphism prevalence between R and non-responders (NR) showed significant differences in TSC C1784T (C allele vs. T allele, odds ratio (OR)=3.81, p =0.016, confidence interval (CI): 1.25-11.63) and ADRB3 T727C (Trp64Arg) (T allele vs. C allele, OR=4.59, p =0.005, CI: 1.54-13.68). The blood pressure (BP) in patients homozygous for the major alleles of both TSC C1784T and ADRB3 T727C were significantly reduced by TZD treatment; however, the BP in those homozygous for the minor allele and heterozygous (TSC C1784T: TT+CT; ADRB3 T727C: CC+CT) for both SNPs were not significantly changed after TZD treatment. Both newly detected TSC C1784T and ADRB3 T727C are gene polymorphisms susceptible to the antihypertensive effect of TZDs in patients with EHT. Thus, the prediction of BP reduction by TZDs may be possible by evaluating these two SNPs.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1580586
Created: 2006-08-14
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-08-14
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.