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Increased circulating matrix metalloproteinase-2 in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with systolic dysfunction.

Authors: Noji, Y  Shimizu, M  Ino, H  Higashikata, T  Yamaguchi, M  Nohara, A  Horita, T  Shimizu, K  Ito, Y  Matsuda, T  Namura, M  Mabuchi, H 
Citation: Noji Y, etal., Circ J. 2004 Apr;68(4):355-60.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15056834

BACKGROUND: Some patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) develop left ventricular (LV) wall thinning associated with LV dilatation and systolic dysfunction. Recently, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) were reported to be involved in ventricular remodeling, however, little is known about MMPs and TIMPs in patients with HCM. METHODS AND RESULTS: Enzyme-linked immunoassays were used to measure the plasma concentrations of MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-9, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 in 11 patients with HCM accompanied by systolic dysfunction (fractional shortening (FS) <25%, group A), 17 patients with HCM who had preserved systolic function (FS> or =25%, group B), and 50 age-matched clinically healthy control subjects (mean age: 57 years). The concentration of MMP-2 in group A was significantly higher than in group B and the control subjects (1,124 +/- 84, 792 +/- 49, 809 +/- 26 ng/ml, respectively), whereas there was no significant difference between group B and the control subjects. MMP-2 concentrations significantly increased as the New York Heart Association functional class increased in patients with HCM. TIMP-2 was also significantly higher in group A patients than in group B and the control subjects (45.3 +/- 4.7, 34.6 +/- 2.2, 33.7 +/- 1.8 ng/ml, respectively), but there was no difference between group B and control subjects. TIMP-1 was significantly higher in HCM patients than in control subjects. MMP-3 and MMP-9 concentrations did not differ among the 3 groups. Both MMP-2 and TIMP-2 correlated significantly with FS and LV dimension, negatively and positively, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that changes in the release and activity of MMP-2 and TIMP-2 may be associated with the mechanisms responsible for cardiac remodeling in patients with HCM.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1580653
Created: 2006-08-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-08-18
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.