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Inhibition of NF-kappaB induces regression of cardiac hypertrophy, independent of blood pressure control, in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Authors: Gupta, S  Young, D  Sen, S 
Citation: Gupta S, etal., Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2005 Jul;289(1):H20-9. Epub 2005 Mar 4.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15749748
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1152/ajpheart.00082.2005

The transcription factor nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB plays a leading role in cardiac hypertrophy associated with heart failure, but whether it is involved in cardiac mass reduction is not known. We evaluated whether inhibiting the NF-kappaB cascade with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs) affected hypertrophy. We measured NF-kappaB signaling components [NF-kappaB translocation, IkappaBalpha, p65, mRNA and protein levels, and IkappaB kinase-beta (IKKbeta) activity] at 12 and 36 wk in WKYs and SHRs and at 10 wk in PDTC-treated rats (n = 9). NF-kappaB activation was also evaluated in rats treated for 10 wk with captopril or hydralazine alone or with either drug plus PDTC. All components were increased in SHRs compared with WKYs. After PDTC treatment, NF-kappaB activity was inhibited, and heart weight-to-body weight ratio in SHRs was significantly attenuated (3.52 +/- 0.04 to 3.32 +/- 0.05 mg/kg). Captopril treatment significantly reduced cardiac mass (3.5 vs. 3.05 mg/kg; n = 9) and inhibited NF-kappaB activity (169.71 +/- 5.70 to 106.7 +/- 12.44). Hydralazine had no effect on cardiac mass (3.5 vs. 3.42 mg/kg) or NF-kappaB activity (169.71 +/- 5.70 to 155.52 +/- 6.11). Hydralazine plus PDTC reduced blood pressure (191.16 +/- 1.7 to 158.5 +/- 2.36 mmHg) and inhibited NF-kappaB activity (169.71 +/- 5.70 to 97.29 +/- 3.65). Our data suggest that 1) cardiac hypertrophy in SHRs is partly due to NF-kappaB activation, 2) inhibition of NF-kappaB activity by PDTC parallels regression of hypertrophy, and 3) regression of hypertrophy is partly due to inhibition of NF-kappaB activity, independent of hypertension. The relationship between NF-kappaB activity and cardiac remodeling is causal, not coincidental.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1581122
Created: 2006-09-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-09-18
Status: ACTIVE



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