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Alterations in protein kinase C isoenzyme expression and autophosphorylation during the progression of pressure overload-induced left ventricular hypertrophy.

Authors: Bayer, AL  Heidkamp, MC  Patel, N  Porter, M  Engman, S  Samarel, AM 
Citation: Bayer AL, etal., Mol Cell Biochem. 2003 Jan;242(1-2):145-52.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12619877

Cardiomyocytes express several isoenzymes of protein kinase C (PKC), which as a group have been implicated in the induction of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and its transition to heart failure. Individual PKC isoenzymes also require transphosphorylation and autophosphorylation for enzymatic activity. To determine whether PKC isoenzyme expression and autophosphorylation are altered during LVH progression in vivo, suprarenal abdominal aortic coarctation was performed in Sprague-Dawley rats. Quantitative Western blotting was performed on LV tissue 1, 8 and 24 weeks after aortic banding, using antibodies specific for total PKCalpha, PKCdelta and PKCepsilon, and their C-terminal autophosphorylation sites. Aortic banding produced sustained hypertension and gradually developing LVH that progressed to diastolic heart failure over time. PKCepsilon levels and autophosphorylation were not significantly different from sham-operated controls during any stage of LVH progression. PKCalpha expression levels were also unaffected during the induction of LVH, but increased 3.2 +/- 0.8 fold during the transition to heart failure. In addition, there was a high degree of correlation between PKCalpha levels and the degree of LVH in 24 week banded animals. However, autophosphorylated PKCalpha was not increased at any time point. In contrast, PKCdelta autophosphorylation was increased prior to the development of LVH, and also during the transition to heart failure. The increased PKCdelta autophosphorylation in 1 week banded rats was not accompanied by an increase in total PKCdelta, whereas total PKCdelta levels were markedly increased (6.0 +/- 1.7 fold) in 24 week banded animals. Furthermore, both phosphorylated and total PKCdelta levels were highly correlated with the degree of LVH in 24 week banded rats. In summary, we provide indirect evidence to indicate that PKCdelta may be involved in the induction of pressure overload LVH, whereas both PKCdelta and PKCalpha may be involved in the transition to heart failure.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1581273
Created: 2006-09-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-09-25
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.