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Association of RhoGDIalpha with Rac1 GTPase mediates free radical production during myocardial hypertrophy.

Authors: Custodis, F  Eberl, M  Kilter, H  Bohm, M  Laufs, U 
Citation: Custodis F, etal., Cardiovasc Res. 2006 Jul 15;71(2):342-51. Epub 2006 Apr 19.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16698001
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.cardiores.2006.04.005

OBJECTIVE: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) contribute to the pathogenesis of myocardial hypertrophy. NADPH oxidase is a major source of ROS production. The small GTPase Rac1 mediates the activation of NADPH oxidase; however, the mechanism of Rac1 activation is incompletely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Transaortic constriction (TAC, C57/Bl6 mice, 360 microm, 21 days) increased the ratio of heart to body weight from [ per thousand] SHAM 4.16+/-0.09 to TAC 7.1+/-0.37, p<0.01. Treatment with rosuvastatin prevented pressure-induced cardiac hypertrophy (5.5+/-0.18, p<0.05). TAC induced a 4-fold up-regulation of myocardial NADPH oxidase activity as well as Rac1 activity; both effects were absent in statin-treated animals. In cultured rat cardiomyocytes, treatment with angiotensin II (AngII) increased translocation of Rac1 to cell membranes and Rac1 activity. AngII altered neither expression nor tyrosine phosphorylation of GTPase activating protein GAP-p190 and the guanine nucleotide exchange factors Vav and Tiam. Transaortic constriction as well as AngII increased the binding of Rho guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor (RhoGDIalpha) to Rac1. The association of RhoGDIalpha with Rac1 was mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and depended on geranylgeranylation. Statin treatment inhibited RhoGDIalpha-Rac1 binding both in cultured cardiomyocytes and during myocardial hypertrophy in vivo. Transfection with RhoGDIalpha siRNA constructs potently reduced RhoGDIalpha protein expression, decreased AngII-induced superoxide production and lipid peroxidation, and inhibited AngII-induced leucine incorporation. CONCLUSIONS: Myocardial hypertrophy is characterized by activation of Rac1 and NADPH oxidase. The association of the regulatory protein RhoGDIalpha with Rac1 represents a necessary step in the Rac1-dependent release of ROS. Rac1-RhoGDIalpha binding may represent a target for anti-hypertrophic pharmacologic interventions, potentially by statin treatment.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1581293
Created: 2006-09-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-09-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.