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Alterations in G protein and MAP kinase signaling pathways during cardiac remodeling in hypertension and heart failure.

Authors: Kacimi, R  Gerdes, AM 
Citation: Kacimi R and Gerdes AM, Hypertension. 2003 Apr;41(4):968-77. Epub 2003 Mar 17.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:12642504
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1161/01.HYP.0000062465.60601.CC

The present study was undertaken to elucidate the G-protein and mitogen-activated kinase (MAP kinase) coupled signaling profile in a genetic model of hypertension and congestive heart failure (CHF) that mimics similar disease in humans. At the receptor level, Ang II type 1 receptor (AT1R) increased in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and reverted to normal in CHF, whereas there was a downregulation of the Ang II type 2 receptor (AT2R) in CHF. At the transducer level, Galphaq and Galpha12 protein levels were unchanged during LVH but decreased significantly in CHF. In contrast, Gbeta and Galpha13 protein content were markedly upregulated in CHF. Furthermore, using phospho-specific antibodies in Western blots and in vitro kinase assays, we found at the effector level an upregulation of the small G-protein Rac1 activity during LVH but a decrease during CHF. In parallel, small G-protein Rho activity was significantly increased during LVH but was unchanged in failure. We found at the downstream level that MAP kinase isoforms extracellular signal regulated-kinase (ERK1/2), big mitogen-activated kinase (BMK1/ERK5), C-jun N-terminal-activated kinase (JNKs/SAPKs), and stress-activated kinase (p38) bioactivities were increased during LVH. During CHF, ERK1/2 and JNK1/2 kinase activities were decreased, whereas BMK1/ERK5 kinase activity reverted to normal values. In conclusion, this study demonstrates, for the first time, multistep alterations of G-protein and MAP kinase signaling pathways in LVH and progression to failure in a genetic model of hypertension and failure.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1581295
Created: 2006-09-25
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-09-25
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.