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Isorhapontigenin, a new resveratrol analog, attenuates cardiac hypertrophy via blocking signaling transduction pathways.

Authors: Li, HL  Wang, AB  Huang, Y  Liu, DP  Wei, C  Williams, GM  Zhang, CN  Liu, G  Liu, YQ  Hao, DL  Hui, RT  Lin, M  Liang, CC 
Citation: Li HL, etal., Free Radic Biol Med. 2005 Jan 15;38(2):243-57.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15607907
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2004.10.020

Cardiac hypertrophy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The hypertrophic process is mediated, in part, by oxidative stress-mediated signaling pathways. We hypothesized that isorhapontigenin (ISO), a new resveratrol analog, inhibits cardiac hypertrophy by blocking oxidative stress and oxidative stress-mediated signaling pathways. We treated cardiomyocytes with angiotensin II (Ang II) with or without ISO and found that ISO inhibited Ang II-induced cardiac hypertrophy. These effects were associated with a decrease in the levels of reactive oxygen species and H2O2 and the content of intracellular malonaldehyde and an increase in the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. Ang II induced the phosphorylation of PKC, Erk1/2, JNK, and p38 in cardiomyocytes and such phosphorylation was inhibited by ISO. ISO also blocked the PKC-dependent PI3K-Akt-GSK3beta/p70S6K pathway. These effects lead to direct or indirect inhibition of NF-kappaB and AP-1 activation. Our results revealed that pretreatment with ISO significantly inhibited Ang II-mediated NF-kappaB through affecting the degradation and phosphorylation of IkappaBalpha and the activity of IKKbeta and AP-1 activation by influencing the expression of c-Fos and c-Jun proteins. In addition, we also established the molecular link between activation of PKC and MAPKs and activation of NF-kappaB and AP-1 in cardiomyocytes. We also found that ISO treatment significantly attenuated heart weight/body weight ratio by approximately 25%, decreased posterior wall thickness and left ventricle diastolic and systolic diameters, and increased 10% fractional shortening in an aortic-banded rat model. Furthermore, treatment with ISO significantly decreased cardiac myocyte size and systolic blood pressure. These findings suggest that ISO prevents the development of cardiac hypertrophy through an antioxidant mechanism involving inhibition of different intracellular signaling transduction pathways.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1582283
Created: 2006-11-03
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-11-03
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.