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Elevated levels of FVIII:C within families are associated with an increased risk for venous and arterial thrombosis.

Authors: Bank, I  Libourel, EJ  Middeldorp, S  Hamulyak, K  Van Pampus, EC  Koopman, MM  Prins, MH  Van der Meer, J  Buller, HR 
Citation: Bank I, etal., J Thromb Haemost. 2005 Jan;3(1):79-84.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15634269
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1538-7836.2004.01033.x

Elevated levels of coagulation factor VIII:C (FVIII:C) are associated with an increased risk for venous and arterial thromboembolism. Whether relatives of patients with elevated levels of FVIII:C are also at increased risk for thrombotic disease is unknown. The objective was to determine the annual incidences of both venous and arterial thrombotic events in first-degree relatives of patients with elevated levels of FVIII:C and venous thromboembolism (VTE) or premature atherosclerosis. A retrospective study with 584 first-degree relatives of 177 patients with elevated levels of FVIII:C was performed. The level of FVIII:C was determined and relatives with elevated and normal levels of FVIII:C were compared. Of the participants, 40% had elevated levels of FVIII:C. The annual incidence of a first episode of VTE was 0.34% and 0.13% in relatives with elevated levels of FVIII:C and those with normal levels, respectively [OR 3.7 (95% CI 1.9-7.5)]. The absolute annual incidence in the youngest age group with elevated levels of FVIII:C was 0.16% (0.05-0.37) and gradually increased to 0.99% (0.40-2.04) in those older than 60 years of age, although the odds ratios were not statistically significant. The annual incidences of a first arterial thrombotic event were 0.29% and 0.14% in relatives with and without elevated levels of FVIII:C, respectively [OR 3.1 (1.4-6.6)]. In particular the risks for a first myocardial infarction [OR 4.3 (1.0-18.1); P =0.046] and a first peripheral arterial thrombosis [OR 8.6 (1.6-47.6)] were increased. Within families of patients with elevated levels of FVIII:C and VTE or premature atherosclerosis, 40% of their first-degree relatives has elevated levels of FVIII:C as well, and they are at increased risk for both VTE and arterial thrombosis as compared with their relatives with normal levels.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1582359
Created: 2006-11-06
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-11-06
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.