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HIV-1 viral envelope glycoprotein gp120 triggers an inflammatory response in cultured rat astrocytes and regulates the functional expression of P-glycoprotein.

Authors: Ronaldson, PT  Bendayan, R 
Citation: Ronaldson PT and Bendayan R, Mol Pharmacol. 2006 Sep;70(3):1087-98. Epub 2006 Jun 21.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16790532
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1124/mol.106.025973

In this work, we examined the ability of gp120, a human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) viral envelope glycoprotein, to trigger the innate immune response in astrocytes, an HIV-1 brain cellular target, and we investigated the functional expression of the ATP-binding cassette membrane transporter P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in primary cultures of rat astrocytes treated with gp120 or cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), and IL-6]. Standard 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium and d-mannitol uptake assays confirmed that HIV-1(96ZM651) gp120 treatment did not alter cell viability or membrane permeability. Semiquantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay demonstrated increased TNF-alpha, IL-1beta, and IL-6 mRNA and protein expression in cultures treated with HIV-1(96ZM651) gp120, suggesting in vitro activation of immune responses. Cytokine secretion was detected when CXCR4 but not CCR5 was inhibited with a specific antibody, implying that cytokine secretion is primarily mediated via CCR5 in astrocytes triggered with HIV-1(96ZM651) gp120. P-gp protein expression was increased in astrocyte cultures exposed to TNF-alpha (2.9-fold) or IL-1beta (1.6-fold) but was decreased profoundly in the presence of IL-6 (8.9-fold), suggesting that IL-6 is primarily involved in modulating P-gp expression. In parallel, after HIV-1(96ZM651) gp120 treatment, immunoblotting analysis showed a significant decrease in P-gp expression (4.7-fold). Furthermore, the accumulation of two P-gp substrates, digoxin and saquinavir (an HIV-1 protease inhibitor), was enhanced (1.5- to 1.8-fold) in HIV-1(96ZM651) gp120-treated astrocyte monolayers but was not altered by P-gp inhibitors [e.g., valspodar (PSC833) and elacridar (GF120918)], suggesting a loss of transport activity. Taken together, these data imply that HIV-1(96ZM651) gp120 or cytokine treatment modulate P-gp functional expression in astrocytes, which may lead to complex drug-transporter interactions during HIV-1 encephalitis-associated immune responses.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1598562
Created: 2006-12-04
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-12-04
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.