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Role of microglia in inflammation-mediated degeneration of dopaminergic neurons: neuroprotective effect of interleukin 10.

Authors: Qian, L  Hong, JS  Flood, PM 
Citation: Qian L, etal., J Neural Transm Suppl. 2006;(70):367-71.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17017555

Inflammation in the brain has been recognized to play an increasingly important role in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Inflammation-mediated neurodegeneration involves activation of the brain's resident immune cells, the microglia, which produce proinflammatory and neurotoxic factors including cytokines, reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide, and eicosanoids that directly or indirectly cause neurodegeneration. In this study, we report that IL-10, an immunosuppressive cytokine, reduced the inflammation-mediated degeneration of dopaminergic (DA) neurons through the inhibition of microglial activation. Pretreatment of rat mesencephalic neuronglia cultures with IL-10 significantly attenuated the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced DA neuronal degeneration. The neuroprotective effect of IL-10 was attributed to inhibition of LPS-stimulated microglial activation. IL-10 significantly inhibited the microglial production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), nitric oxide, ROS and superoxide free radicals after LPS stimulation.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1598631
Created: 2006-12-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-12-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.