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Mechanisms of ketamine action on lipid metabolism in rats.

Authors: Saranteas, T  Zotos, N  Lolis, E  Stranomiti, J  Mourouzis, C  Chantzi, C  Tesseromatis, C 
Citation: Saranteas T, etal., Eur J Anaesthesiol. 2005 Mar;22(3):222-6.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15852996

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the effect of ketamine on metabolic homoeostasis and particularly in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity in adipose tissue. METHODS: Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into six groups of 10 each. Group A served as controls, while Groups B-F received, respectively, ketamine 60, 80, 100, 120 and 140 mg kg(-1) intraperitoneally. The animals were sacrificed 20 min after the administration of ketamine. Insulin concentrations in plasma and total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and free fatty acid (FFA) concentrations in serum were measured. LPL activity in adipose tissue and medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) content in muscle were determined. RESULTS: FFA concentrations in serum significantly increased from the second lowest dose of ketamine. Insulin concentrations in plasma did not exhibit any significant difference between groups. MCAD levels were 0.5-fold more in Group F than in Group A, while there were no significant differences between control group and Groups B-E. Furthermore, high concentrations (120 and 140 mg kg(-1)) of ketamine interfered with in metabolic homoeostasis by significantly reducing LPL activity, thus elevating triglyceride concentrations in serum without affecting cholesterol and HDL metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: Ketamine induces various metabolic effects due to changes in adipose LPL activity and MCAD levels in muscles. These findings seem to be significant only at high doses.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1598688
Created: 2006-12-12
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2006-12-12
Status: ACTIVE



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