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Inhibitory effects of C apolipoproteins from rats and humans on the uptake of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and their remnants by the perfused rat liver.

Authors: Windler, E  Havel, RJ 
Citation: Windler E and Havel RJ, J Lipid Res. 1985 May;26(5):556-65.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:4020294

Like rat C apolipoproteins, each of the C apolipoproteins from human blood plasma (C-I, C-II, C-III-1, and C-III-2) bound to small chylomicrons from mesenteric lymph of estradiol-treated rats and inhibited their uptake by the isolated perfused rat liver. This inhibitory effect of the C apolipoproteins was independent of apolipoprotein E, which is present only in trace amounts in these chylomicrons. Addition of rat apolipoprotein E to small chylomicrons from mesenteric lymph of normal rats did not displace C apolipoproteins and had no effect on the uptake of these particles by the perfused liver, indicating that an increased ratio of E apolipoproteins to C apolipoproteins on chylomicron particles, unaccompanied by depletion of the latter, may not promote recognition by the chylomicron remnant receptor. The hepatic uptake of remnants of rat hepatic very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) and small chylomicrons, which had been produced in functionally eviscerated rats, was also inhibited by addition of C apolipoproteins. These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that the addition of all of the C apolipoproteins to newly secreted chylomicrons and VLDL inhibits premature uptake of these particles by the liver and that depletion of all of these apolipoproteins from remnant particles facilitates their hepatic uptake. Remnants of chylomicrons and VLDL incubated with rat C apolipoproteins efficiently took up C-III apolipoproteins, but not apolipoprotein C-II (the activator protein for lipoprotein lipase). Preferential loss of apolipoprotein C-II during remnant formation may regulate the termination of triglyceride hydrolysis prior to complete removal of triglycerides from chylomicrons and VLDL.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1599181
Created: 2007-01-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-01-18
Status: ACTIVE



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