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Neurite outgrowth involves adenomatous polyposis coli protein and beta-catenin.

Authors: Votin, V  Nelson, WJ  Barth, AI 
Citation: Votin V, etal., J Cell Sci. 2005 Dec 15;118(Pt 24):5699-708. Epub 2005 Nov 22.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16303851
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1242/jcs.02679

Neuronal morphogenesis involves the initial formation of neurites and then differentiation of neurites into axons and dendrites. The mechanisms underlying neurite formation are poorly understood. A candidate protein for controlling neurite extension is the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein, which regulates membrane extensions, microtubules and beta-catenin-mediated transcription downstream of Wnt signaling. APC is enriched at the tip of several neurites of unpolarized hippocampal neurons and the tip of only the long axon in polarized hippocampal neurons. Significantly, APC localized to the tip of only one neurite, marked by dephospho-tau as the future axon, before that neurite had grown considerably longer than other neurites. To determine whether neurite outgrowth was affected by beta-catenin accumulation and signaling, a stabilized beta-catenin mutant was expressed in PC12 cells, and neurite formation was measured. Stabilized beta-catenin mutants accumulated in APC clusters and inhibited neurite formation and growth. Importantly, these effects were also observed was independently of the gene transcriptional activity of beta-catenin. These results indicate that APC is involved in both early neurite outgrowth and increased growth of the future axon, and that beta-catenin has a structural role in inhibiting APC function in neurite growth.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1599286
Created: 2007-01-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-01-29
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.