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Bactericidal activity of testicular macrophages.

Authors: Wei, RQ  Yee, JB  Straus, DC  Hutson, JC 
Citation: Wei RQ, etal., Biol Reprod. 1988 May;38(4):830-5.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:2840982

The purpose of these studies was to determine if testicular macrophages are capable of bactericidal activity. Testicular macrophages were isolated from adult Wistar rats and studied in vitro. Studies were designed to determine if these cells could kill pathogenic gram-negative organisms and if these cells secreted lysozyme, an enzyme involved with the lysis of the cell wall of gram-positive bacteria. The regulation of lysozyme secretion by hormones and lipopolysaccharide was also studied. The secretion of this enzyme by testicular macrophages was also compared to enzyme secretion by macrophages isolated from other tissues. We also studied the secretion of superoxide anion, which is known to be involved in cytotoxic reactions. It was found that testicular macrophages were capable of killing up to approximately 38% of a virulent encapsulated strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae within 1 h. This process was in part dependent upon the presence of immune serum generated against these organisms but could not be mimicked by control serum or immune serum tested in the absence of macrophages. Testicular macrophages secreted lysozyme in culture for at least 8 days; however, macrophages from the peritoneal cavity and lung secreted significantly more lysozyme under the same conditions. Lipopolysaccharide suppressed lysozyme secretion in a dose-dependent manner, whereas neither follicle-stimulating hormone, testosterone, nor leuteininzing hormone had an effect on lysozyme secretion. Finally, testicular macrophages secreted superoxide anion in a manner similar to peritoneal macrophages. These studies indicate that testicular macrophages have the capability to mount an appropriate defense against pathogenic bacteria by opsonization-dependent phagocytosis, the secretion of lysozyme, and the production of super oxide anion.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1599862
Created: 2007-02-19
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-02-19
Status: ACTIVE



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