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Effect of neonatal streptozotocin and thyrotropin-releasing hormone treatments on insulin secretion in adult rats.

Authors: Bacova, Z  Najvirtova, M  Krizanova, O  Hudecova, S  Zorad, S  Strbak, V  Benicky, J 
Citation: Bacova Z, etal., Gen Physiol Biophys. 2005 Jun;24(2):181-97.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16118471

Neonatal STZ (nSTZ) treatment results in damage of pancreatic B-cells and in parallel depletion of insulin and TRH in the rat pancreas. The injury of B-cells is followed by spontaneous regeneration but dysregulation of the insulin response to glucose persists for the rest of life. Similar disturbance in insulin secretion was observed in mice with targeted TRH gene disruption. The aim of present study was to determine the role of the absence of pancreatic TRH during the perinatal period in the nSTZ model of impaired insulin secretion. Neonatal rats were injected with STZ (90 microg/g BW i.p.) and the effect of exogenous TRH (10 ng/g BW/day s.c. during the first week of life) on in vitro functions of pancreatic islets was studied at the age 12-14 weeks. RT-PCR was used for determination of prepro-TRH mRNA in isolated islets. Plasma was assayed for glucose and insulin, and isolated islets were used for determination of insulin release in vitro. The expression of prepro-TRH mRNA was only partially reduced in the islets of adult nSTZ rats when compared to controls. nSTZ rats had normal levels of plasma glucose and insulin but the islets of nSTZ rats failed to response by increased insulin secretion to stimulation with 16.7 mmol/l glucose or 50 mmol/l KCl. Perinatal TRH treatment enhanced basal insulin secretion in vitro in nSTZ animals of both sexes and partially restored the insulin response to glucose stimulation in nSTZ females.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1600419
Created: 2007-03-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-03-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.