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Growth hormone receptor interaction with Jak proteins differs between tissues.

Authors: Hellgren, G  Albertsson-Wikland, K  Billig, H  Carlsson, LM  Carlsson, B 
Citation: Hellgren G, etal., J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2001 Feb;21(2):75-83.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:11244571
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1089/107999001750069935

Janus kinases (Jak) play an important role in the initial steps of cytokine receptor signaling. The specificity of the four members of the Jak family (Jak1, Jak2, Jak3, and Tyk2) for different cytokine receptors is not fully understood. Recent studies have indicated that a specific cytokine receptor can activate several Jak and that this may differ between tissues. The growth hormone receptor (GHR) is believed to interact predominantly with Jak2, but studies on cell lines have shown that it may also induce phosphorylation of Jak1 and Jak3. Little is known about the interaction between the GHR and Jak in tissues. Our aim, therefore, was to elucidate which Jak interact with the GHR in two target tissues for GH, liver and adipose tissue. Western blot analysis showed that all four members of the Jak family are present in both rat liver and adipose tissue. However, coprecipitation using an anti-GHR antibody revealed that only Jak1 and Jak2 were associated with the GHR in these tissues. The relative amount of Jak1 and Jak2 that coprecipitated with the GHR differed markedly between tissues. In the liver, Jak2 dominated, and only a small amount of Jak1 was detected. In adipose tissue, at least one third of the coprecipitated Jak was Jak1. This is the first study to show that both Jak1 and Jak2 are associated with the GHR in rat tissues. The difference in the ratio between GHR-associated Jak1 and Jak2 in liver and adipose tissue may indicate that GHR signaling in different tissues could differ in terms of Jak specificity.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1624962
Created: 2007-05-14
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-05-14
Status: ACTIVE



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