Presynaptic dopamine D(4) receptor localization in the rat nucleus accumbens shell.

Authors: Svingos, AL  Periasamy, S  Pickel, VM 
Citation: Svingos AL, etal., Synapse. 2000 Jun 1;36(3):222-32.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10819901
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1098-2396(20000601)36:3<222::AID-SYN6>3.0.CO;2-H

Dopamine D(4) receptors in the nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh) are thought to play a key role in mediating the locomotor and sensitizing affects of psychostimulants, as well as the therapeutic efficacy of atypical antipsychotic drugs. We used electron microscopic immunocytochemistry to determine the functional sites for endogenous and exogenous D(4) receptor activation in this region. Of 1,090 D(4) receptor-labeled profiles observed in the AcbSh of rat brain, 65% were axons and axon terminals, while 22% were dendrites and dendritic spines. Within axons and terminals, D(4) receptor immunoreactivity was localized to segments of the plasma membrane and membranes of nearby vesicles. The axon terminals were morphologically heterogenous, varying in size and content of either all small synaptic vesicles (ssv), or ssv and large dense-core vesicles. The labeled terminals occasionally formed asymmetric excitatory-type axospinous synapses, but the majority were without recognizable synaptic specializations. In a separate series of tissue sections that were processed for dual-labeling of the D(4) receptor and the catecholamine synthesizing enzyme, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), 56% of all observed associations were appositions between differentially labeled axonal profiles, and 17% were terminals that contained immunoreactivity for both antigens. Dendritic spines containing D(4) receptor-labeling also received convergent input from TH-immunoreactive terminals and unlabeled terminals forming asymmetric synapses. These results provide the first ultrastructural evidence for a major presynaptic, and a more minor postsynaptic, involvement of D(4) receptors in dopaminergic modulation of excitatory transmission in the AcbSh.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1625058
Created: 2007-05-17
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-05-17
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.