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Increased binding at 5-HT(1A), 5-HT(1B), and 5-HT(2A) receptors and 5-HT transporters in diet-induced obese rats.

Authors: Park, S  Harrold, JA  Widdowson, PS  Williams, G 
Citation: Park S, etal., Brain Res. 1999 Nov 13;847(1):90-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:10564740

5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin), synthesized in midbrain raphe nuclei and released in various hypothalamic sites, decreases food intake but the specific 5-HT receptor subtypes involved are controversial. Here, we have studied changes in the regional density of binding to 5-HT receptors and transporters and the levels of tryptophan hydroxylase, in rats with obesity induced by feeding a palatable high-energy diet for 7 weeks. We mapped binding at 5-HT receptor subtypes and transporters using quantitative autoradiography and determined tryptophan hydroxylase protein levels by Western blotting. In diet-induced obese (DiO) rats, specific binding to 5-HT(1A) receptors ([3H]8-OH-DPAT) was significantly increased in the dorsal and median raphe by 90% (P<0.01) and 132% (P<0.05), respectively, compared with chow-fed controls. 5-HT(1B) receptor binding sites ([125I]cyanopindolol) were significantly increased in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) of DiO rats (58%; P<0.05), as were 5-HT(2A) receptor binding sites ([3H]ketanserin) in both the ARC (44%; P<0.05) and lateral hypothalamic area (LHA) (121%; P<0.05). However, binding to 5-HT(2C) receptors ([3H]mesulgergine) in DiO rats was not significantly different from that in controls in any hypothalamic region. Binding to 5-HT transporters ([3H]paroxetine) was significantly increased (P<0.05) in both dorsal and median raphe, paraventricular nuclei (PVN), ventromedial nuclei (VMH), anterior hypothalamic area (AHA) and LHA of DiO rats, by 47%-165%. Tryptophan hydroxylase protein levels in the raphe nuclei were not significantly different between controls and DiO rats. In conclusion, we have demonstrated regionally specific changes in binding to certain 5-HT receptor subtypes in obesity induced by voluntary overeating of a palatable diet. Overall, these changes are consistent with reduced 5-HT release and decreased activity of the 5-HT neurons. Reduction in the hypophagic action of 5-HT, possibly acting at 5-HT(1A), 5-HT(1B) and 5-HT(2A) receptors, may contribute to increased appetite in rats presented with highly palatable diet.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1626450
Created: 2007-08-08
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-08-08
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.