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Involvement of the gp130 cytokine transducer in MtT/S pituitary somatotroph tumour development in an autocrine-paracrine model.

Authors: Graciarena, M  Carbia-Nagashima, A  Onofri, C  Perez-Castro, C  Giacomini, D  Renner, U  Stalla, GK  Arzt, E 
Citation: Graciarena M, etal., Eur J Endocrinol. 2004 Nov;151(5):595-604.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15538938

OBJECTIVE: gp130 cytokines are placed as auto-paracrine regulators of pituitary function, since they, as well as their receptors, have been shown to be expressed in and to act in normal and tumoral anterior pituitary cells. The objective of this work was to study their involvement in a model that shows the interaction between different cellular types that participate in a tumorigenic process. DESIGN: The dependence of a pituitary somatotrophic cell line (MtT/S) on a gp130 cytokine-producing folliculostellate (FS) cell line (TtT/GF) for tumorigenesis in vivo has been described. In order to study the participation of gp130 cytokines in the auto-paracrine stimulation of MtT/S growth, we generated MtT/S gp130 sense (gp130-S) and gp130 antisense (gp130-AS) clones stably transfected with pcDNA3/gp130 sense and pcDNA3/gp130 antisense vectors respectively. METHODS AND RESULTS: Functional characterization studies revealed that gp130-AS clones have an inhibited gp130 signalling, and proliferation studies showed that they have an impaired response to gp130 cytokines but respond normally to other independent stimuli. When injected into nude mice, MtT/S clones respond differently depending on cell number; at high concentrations MtT/S clones alone generated tumours equivalent in size to tumours derived from MtT/S plus TtT/GF cells. At low concentrations, MtT/S sense and control clones generated tumours of smaller size than tumours derived from these same clones plus TtT/GF cells, showing a dependence on FS cells. In both cases MtT/S gp130-AS clones had impaired tumour development. Furthermore, vessel density was significantly lower in tumours derived from gp130-AS plus TtT/GF cells. CONCLUSIONS: This study underlines the importance of gp130 cytokines in proliferation and establishes its role in auto-paracrine pituitary growth regulation.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 1627046
Created: 2007-08-21
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-08-21
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.