Significance of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in cervical carcinogenesis: an immunohistochemical study in squamous cell carcinoma and squamous intraepithelial lesions.

Authors: Cheah, PL  Looi, LM 
Citation: Cheah PL and Looi LM, Malays J Pathol. 2006 Jun;28(1):1-5.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17694953

Sixteen low grade (LSIL), 22 high grade (HSIL) squamous intraepithelial lesions, 28 invasive (13 stage I and 15 stage II-IV) squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and 15 benign cervices were immunohistochemically studied for involvement of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins in cervical carcinogenesis. 4-microm sections of the cases were immunostained for Bcl-2 (Clone 124: Dako) and Bax (Dako) and staining intensity was rated as 1 (light), 2 (moderate) and 3 (strong) and percentage cellular staining as 0 (negative), 1 (1-25%), 2 (26-50%), 3 (51-75%) and 4 (>75%) with score derived by multiplying staining intensity and percentage positivity. The cut-off value, indicating upregulated expression, was computed as >2 for Bcl-2 and >8 for Bax. Bcl-2 was upregulated (p < 0.05) in HSIL and Bax in SCC when compared with benign cervical squamous epithelium. Bcl-2 expression was confined to the lower third of the epithelium in the benign cervices and LSIL. In HSIL, expression reached the middle and upper thirds. 4 (30.8%) HSIL with upregulated Bcl-2 demonstrated intensification of staining around the basement membrane. SCCs showed "diffuse" (evenly distributed) or "basal" (intensified staining around the periphery of the invading tumour nests) expression of Bcl-2. Of the 5 SCCs with upregulated Bcl-2, 1 of 2 (50%) stage I and 3 (100%) stage II-IV tumours exhibited the "basal" pattern. Benign cervical squamous epithelium, LSIL, HSIL and SCC showed a generally diffuse Bax expression. Thus, Bcl-2 and Bax appeared to be upregulated at different stages of cervical carcinogenesis, Bcl-2 in HSIL and Bax after invasion. Intensification of staining of Bcl-2 at the basement membrane in some HSIL and SCC is interesting and may augur for increased aggressiveness.

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CRRD ID: 1643352
Created: 2007-12-31
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2007-12-31
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.