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Targeted delivery of anti-miR-155 by functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles for colorectal cancer therapy.

Authors: Li, Yang  Duo, Yanhong  Bi, Jiangang  Zeng, Xiaowei  Mei, Lin  Bao, Shiyun  He, Lisheng  Shan, Aijun  Zhang, Yue  Yu, Xiaofang 
Citation: Li Y, etal., Int J Nanomedicine. 2018 Mar 1;13:1241-1256. doi: 10.2147/IJN.S158290. eCollection 2018.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:29535520
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.2147/IJN.S158290

Introduction: MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is an oncogenic microRNA, which is upregulated in many human cancers including colorectal cancer (CRC). Overexpression of miR-155 has been found to regulate several cancer-related pathways, and therefore, targeting miR-155 may be an effective strategy for cancer therapy. However, effective and safe delivery of anti-miR-155 to tumors remains challenging for the clinical applications of anti-miR-155-based therapeutics.
Methods: In this study, we explored the expression of miR-155 and the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in CRC tissues and cell lines, and the possible relationship between miR-155 and NF-κB. We further report on anti-miR-155-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) modified with polymerized dopamine (PDA) and AS1411 aptamer (MSNs-anti-miR-155@PDA-Apt) for the targeted treatment of CRC.
Results: Results showed that miR-155 is overexpressed in CRC tissues and cell lines, and there is a positive feedback loop between NF-κB and miR-155. Compared to the control groups, MSNs-anti-miR-155@PDA-Apt could efficiently downregulate miR-155 expression in SW480 cells and achieve significantly high targeting efficiency and enhanced therapeutic effects in both in vivo and in vitro experiments. Furthermore, inhibition of miR-155 by MSNs-anti-miR-155@PDA-Apt can enhance the sensitivity of SW480 to 5-fluorouracil chemotherapy.
Conclusion: Thus, our results suggested that MSNs-anti-miR-155@PDA-Apt is a promising nanoformulation for CRC treatment.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 21409754
Created: 2020-03-24
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2020-03-24
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.