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Effects of alpha-inhibin-92 fragments and alpha-inhibin-92 antiserum on the control of follicle-stimulating hormone release in male rats.

Authors: Yu, WH  Riedel, M  Yamashiro, D  Ramasharma, K  McCann, SM 
Citation: Yu WH, etal., Life Sci. 1994;55(2):93-102.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8015360

Alpha-inhibin-92 (alpha-IB-92) has been characterized from human seminal plasma and found to be active in suppressing FSH release in vitro and in vivo. In order to determine if smaller fragments of this 92 amino acid peptide would still be active to suppress FSH release, we have evaluated 5 of these fragments for their effects on FSH and LH release in the present study. Five alpha-IB-92 fragments (1-34, 1-46, 35-65, 35-92 and 66-92) were synthesized and injected intravenously (iv) into castrated adult rats (2 days post operation). Only fragments alpha-IB-92-(35-65) and alpha-IB-92-(66-92) significantly lowered plasma FSH, but not LH, at doses of 10 micrograms. These fragments exerted a preferential FSH-suppressing effect, but their activities were less than that of alpha-IB-92. In view of the rapid action of these peptides and the preferential FSH suppressing effect, they could be useful clinically to suppress FSH release. To determine the possible physiologic significance of alpha-IB-92, we injected antiserum raised against alpha-IB-92 into immature male rats and evaluated its effects on FSH and LH release. Normal rabbit serum (NRS) or anti-alpha-IB-92 serum was injected iv through indwelling jugular catheters into conscious, unrestrained 18 day-old male rats. Blood samples (0.2 ml) were collected at various intervals. Intravenous injection of alpha-IB-92 antiserum (0.1 ml/rat) selectively elevated plasma levels of FSH but not LH from 2-8 h post-injection in 18 day-old male rats (P < 0.01). Since immunoneutralization of alpha-IB-92 significantly elevated FSH release in immature rats, alpha-IB-92 has a physiological inhibiting role in control of FSH but not LH release at this stage of development.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2290442
Created: 2008-03-12
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-03-12
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.