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Effect of deoxyribozymes targeting c-Jun on solid tumor growth and angiogenesis in rodents.

Authors: Zhang, G  Dass, CR  Sumithran, E  Di Girolamo, N  Sun, LQ  Khachigian, LM 
Citation: Zhang G, etal., J Natl Cancer Inst. 2004 May 5;96(9):683-96.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15126605

BACKGROUND: The basic region-leucine zipper protein c-Jun has been linked to cell proliferation, transformation, and apoptosis. However, a direct role for c-Jun in angiogenesis has not been shown. METHODS: We used human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) transfected with a DNAzyme targeting the c-Jun mRNA (Dz13), related oligonucleotides, or vehicle in in vitro models of microvascular endothelial cell proliferation, migration, chemoinvasion, and tubule formation, a rat model of corneal neovascularization, and a mouse model of solid tumor growth and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis. All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: Compared with mock-transfected cells, HMEC-1 cells transfected with Dz13 expressed less c-Jun protein and possessed lower DNA-binding activity. Dz13 blocked endothelial cell proliferation, migration, chemoinvasion, and tubule formation. Dz13 inhibited the endothelial cell expression and proteolytic activity of MMP-2, a c-Jun-dependent gene. Dz13 inhibited VEGF-induced neovascularization in the rat cornea compared with vehicle control (Dz13 versus vehicle: 4.0 neovessels versus 30.7 neovessels, difference = 26.7 neovessels; P =.004; area occupied by new blood vessels for Dz13 versus vehicle: 0.35 mm2 versus 1.52 mm2, difference = 1.17 mm2; P =.005) as well as solid melanoma growth in mice (Dz13 versus vehicle at 14 days: 108 mm3 versus 283 mm3, difference = 175 mm3; P =.006) with greatly reduced vascular density (Dz13 versus vehicle: 30% versus 100%, difference = 70%; P<.001). CONCLUSION: DNAzymes targeting c-Jun may have therapeutic potential as inhibitors of tumor angiogenesis and growth.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2290550
Created: 2008-03-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-03-18
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.