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Cholinesterase activity in the hypoglossal nucleus of the rat and the changes produced by axotomy: a light and electron microscopic study.

Authors: Flumerfelt, BA  Lewis, PR 
Citation: Flumerfelt BA and Lewis PR, J Anat. 1975 Apr;119(Pt 2):309-31.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:1133098

Within the hypoglossal nucleus large amounts of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity are present in all the neurons, whereas intracellular butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) activity occurs only within a ventro-caudally situated cluster of cells. AChE activity within the neurons occurs mainly in the cisternae of the granular endoplasmic reticulum but there is some in the intermembranous space of the nuclear envelope and in the Golgi complexes. In the neuropil, reaction product is seen along some axonal and synaptic membranes. The distribution of BuChE in the ventro-caudal cells is identical with that of AChE except that BuChE activity is absent from the neuropil. The level of intraneuronal AChE activity falls rapidly during the first few days after axotomy. The fall is due partly to a dissolution and peripheral migration of the E.R. but also to a decrease in AChE content of the E.R. that remains. Return of staining begins in the 4th week and continues as the E.R. reassembles. Staining in the neuropil falls more slowly, but recovers less completely. The ventro-caudal group of cells shows the same kinds of change, but more dramatically. BuChE activity returns only erratically and never completely. The similarity in normal distribution, and in response to axotomy, of the two cholinesterases suggests that their functions are related.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2301187
Created: 2008-09-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-09-30
Status: ACTIVE


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