Growth hormone-binding protein is directly and IGFBP-3 is inversely associated with risk of female breast cancer.

Authors: Pazaitou-Panayiotou, K  Kelesidis, T  Kelesidis, I  Kaprara, A  Blakeman, J  Vainas, I  Mpousoulegas, A  Williams, CJ  Mantzoros, C 
Citation: Pazaitou-Panayiotou K, etal., Eur J Endocrinol. 2007 Feb;156(2):187-94.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17287408
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1530/EJE-06-0611

OBJECTIVE: Several components of the GH and IGF systems have been implicated in the development of malignancies. All components of these hormonal systems have never been jointly evaluated in female breast cancer, and previous studies have not examined the role of IGF-binding proteins (IGFBP-4, IGFBP-6) or GH-binding protein (GHBP). DESIGN: Hospital-based case-control study. METHODS: In this sample of primarily postmenopausal women, we obtained serum measures of IGF-I, IGF-II, and binding proteins IGFBP-1, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, IGFBP-6, as well as GHBP, insulin, and leptin from 74 breast cancer cases and 76 control subjects. RESULTS: In crude analyses, we found lower age-standardized mean IGF-I, IGFBP-3, IGFBP-4, IGFBP-6, and higher IGFBP-1 and GHBP in breast cancer cases when compared with controls. Multivariate models mutually adjusted for other GH-IGF system components and classical breast cancer risk factors demonstrated an inverse association between IGFBP-3 and risk of breast cancer (odds ratio (OR) = 0.2, P < 0.01) and a direct association between GHBP and disease risk (OR = 3.3, P < 0.01). No significant associations were detected in multivariate analyses among IGF-I, IGF-II or IGFBP-1, IGFBP-4, IGFBP-6 with risk of breast cancer, indicating that these factors may not have effects independent of and/or comparable with IGFBP-3 and GHBP. CONCLUSIONS: These results support a protective role of IGFBP-3 and demonstrate for the first time an increased risk of breast cancer with higher GHBP, after accounting for variation in IGFs, IGFBPs, and classical breast cancer risk factors.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2301716
Created: 2008-10-29
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-10-29
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.