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A comprehensive analysis of transcript signatures of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase/protein kinase B signal-transduction pathway in prostate cancer.

Authors: Hellwinkel, OJ  Rogmann, JP  Asong, LE  Luebke, AM  Eichelberg, C  Ahyai, S  Isbarn, H  Graefen, M  Huland, H  Schlomm, T 
Citation: Hellwinkel OJ, etal., BJU Int. 2008 Jun;101(11):1454-60. Epub 2008 Mar 11.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:18336616
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1111/j.1464-410X.2008.07540.x

OBJECTIVE: To assess the gene activities of various important members of the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PIK3)/protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) pathway (involved in the promotion and regulation of cellular metabolism, proliferation and apoptosis) for alterations in prostate carcinoma. PATIENTS, SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Using quantitative real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction, we analysed the transcript levels of 12 genes involved in the PIK3/PKB pathway in microdissected tumour tissues from 20 patients with varying stages of prostate cancer, assessing differences from adjacent normal tissues and from a pool of prostate tissues from healthy controls. RESULTS: In cancer samples with a high Gleason grade, the PIK3/PKB pathway was principally affected by marked decreases in expression over almost all the investigated stages of the pathway. These changes were in effectors of the pathway, especially PIK3 p85 alpha (PIK3R1) and integrin-linked kinase, and the pathway target fork-head box protein (FOXO)-1A, while the transcript quantities of regulators, e.g. phosphatase/tensin homologue (PTEN), were decreased in a smaller proportion of the patients. Transcript amounts of FOXO-1A and FOXO-3A were significantly higher in normal tumour-adjacent tissues than in the healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: Down-regulation of the PIK3/PKB pathway by repression of involved effector and regulator genes at all stages of the molecular pathway could represent a marker for the formation of highly de-differentiated prostate cancers from low-grade tumour foci. Also, parts of the pathway are deviant in normal tumour-adjacent tissue; this might represent a reaction to neighbouring tumours or be a sign of pre-cancerous biological alterations.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2301729
Created: 2008-10-30
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2008-10-30
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.