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Expression of the cysteine proteinase inhibitor cystatin C gene in rat heart: use of digoxigenin-labeled probes generated by polymerase chain reaction directly for in situ and northern blot hybridizations.

Authors: Barka, T  Van der Noen, H 
Citation: Barka T and van der Noen H, J Histochem Cytochem. 1993 Dec;41(12):1863-7.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:8245434

Cystatins represent a widely distributed superfamily of cysteine proteinase inhibitory proteins. We investigated the expression of the cystatin C gene, belonging to the family 2 of cystatins, in the hearts of female rats. Using a highly sensitive reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) we have detected cystatin C mRNA in the ventricule and atrium, as well as in liver and submandibular gland. A digoxigenin-labeled cystatin C probe, generated by PCR, hybridized to a single mRNA species of about 700 nucleotides on Northern blots. Northern blot hybridizations established that neither an acute inflammation produced by injection of turpentine nor administration of the beta-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol had an effect on the level of cystatin C mRNA in the heart. In situ hybridizations with digoxigenin-labeled probe localized the expression of the cystatin C gene to cardiac muscle fibers but not to other cardiac cellular elements. Cystatin C may be released by cardiac muscle fibers under physiological and pathological conditions and may modify inflammatory and necrobiotic processes.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2306522
Created: 2009-04-21
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-04-21
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.