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Urotensin II and renal function in the rat.

Authors: Song, W  Abdel-Razik, AE  Lu, W  Ao, Z  Johns, DG  Douglas, SA  Balment, RJ  Ashton, N 
Citation: Song W, etal., Kidney Int. 2006 Apr;69(8):1360-8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16531985
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1038/sj.ki.5000290

Urotensin II (UII) is a potent vasoactive hormone in mammals. However, despite its well-known effects on epithelial sodium transport in fish, little is known about its actions on the mammalian kidney. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of UII on renal function in the rat. Using standard clearance methods, the effects of rUII and the rat UII receptor (UT) antagonist, urantide, were studied. UII was measured in plasma and urine by radioimmunoassay. UII and UT were localized in the kidney by immunohistochemistry and mRNA expression quantified. Rat urinary [UII] was 1,650-fold higher than that in plasma. Immunoreactive-UII was localized to the proximal tubules, outer and inner medullary collecting ducts (IMCD); UT receptor was identified in glomerular arterioles, thin ascending limbs, and IMCD. UII and UT mRNA expression was greater in the medulla; expression was higher still in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) associated with raised plasma (UII). Injection of rUII induced reductions in glomerular filtration rate (GFR), urine flow, and sodium excretion. Urantide infusion resulted in increases in these variables. Endogenous UII appears to contribute to the regulation of GFR and renal sodium and water handling in the rat. While hemodynamic changes predominate, we cannot rule out the possibility of a direct tubular action of UII. Increased expression of UII and UT in the SHR suggests that UII plays a role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2306837
Created: 2009-05-07
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-05-07
Status: ACTIVE



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