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Annexin I in fibrotic rat lung and cultured lung fibroblasts following irradiation.

Authors: Ts'ao, C  Ward, WF  Tsao, FH  Taylor, JM  Molteni, A 
Citation: Ts'ao C, etal., Int J Radiat Biol. 1997 Aug;72(2):227-34.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:9269316

Radiation-induced lung fibrosis is a result of collagen accumulation in the interstitium, partly due to increased collagen synthesis by fibroblasts. One feature of active collagen synthesis is increased membrane trafficking in the fibroblasts. A group of proteins called annexins is believed to play a regulatory role in membrane fusion and exocytosis. Therefore, increased annexin activity might be expected in the fibrotic lung. We tested this hypothesis by measuring annexin I levels, hydroxyproline content and ultrastructural changes in radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rat. Three months after a single exposure to 30 Gy of X-rays to the right hemithorax, the right lung of the rat was atrophied and fibrotic with a concomitant increase in size of the shielded left lung. Electron micrographs revealed that the irradiated lung was ladened with interstitial collagen fibrils, with increased number of fibroblasts amongst them. Hydroxyproline concentration in the irradiated lung was nearly twice that in the sham-irradiated lung. Annexin I in the irradiated lung, on the other hand, was markedly reduced, and barely detectable on immunoblots. Since increased annexin I might precede enhanced collagen production, we also measured annexin I levels in rat lungs 3 days after 30 Gy irradiation and correlated that with hydroxyproline concentration. We found no appreciable difference in annexin I levels and hydroxyproline content between sham-irradiated and irradiated lungs at 3 days. To determine whether annexin I levels in cultured fibroblasts were altered by irradiation, we assayed annexin I in cultured rat lung fibroblasts 3 days after 0.10 Gy exposure, with concomitant measurement of 14C-proline incorporation. The annexin I level in fibroblasts irradiated with 10 Gy X-rays was 55% higher than in sham-irradiated fibroblasts. However, incorporation of 14C-proline into collagenase-sensitive macromolecules in the culture medium and extracellular matrix was not different between these two groups of cells. These data demonstrate a radiation-induced increase in immunoreactive annexin I in cultured lung fibroblasts, but fail to support the hypothesis of a positive correlation between annexin I concentration and fibrosis in irradiated rat lung.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2306948
Created: 2009-05-12
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-05-12
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.