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Altered activity of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase types 1 and 2 in skeletal muscle confers metabolic protection in subjects with type 2 diabetes.

Authors: Jang, C  Obeyesekere, VR  Dilley, RJ  Krozowski, Z  Inder, WJ  Alford, FP 
Citation: Jang C, etal., J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Aug;92(8):3314-20. Epub 2007 May 22.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17519316
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1210/jc.2006-2729

CONTEXT: There is little information regarding the regulation of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11beta-HSD) enzymes in skeletal muscle in the setting of type 2 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to investigate whether there is differential mRNA expression and enzyme activity of 11beta-HSD1 and 11beta-HSD2 in the skeletal muscle of diabetic subjects compared with controls at baseline and in response to dexamethasone. DESIGN: Participants underwent muscle biopsy of vastus lateralis at baseline and after dexamethasone. SETTING: The study took place at a university teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve subjects with type 2 diabetes and 12 age- and sex-matched controls participated. INTERVENTION: Subjects were given oral dexamethasone, 4 mg/d for 4 d. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We assessed 11beta-HSD1, 11beta-HSD2, and H6PDH mRNA levels by quantitative RT-PCR and enzyme activity by percent conversion of [(3)H]cortisone and [(3)H]cortisol, respectively. RESULTS: At baseline, mRNA levels were similar in diabetic and control subjects for 11beta-HSD1, 11beta-HSD2, and H6PDH. 11beta-HSD1 activity was reduced in diabetic subjects (percent conversion of [(3)H]cortisone to [(3)H]cortisol was 11.4 +/- 2.5% vs. 18.5 +/- 2.2%; P = 0.041), and 11beta-HSD2 enzyme activity was higher in diabetic subjects (percent conversion of [(3)H]cortisone to [(3)H]cortisol was 17.2 +/- 2.6% vs. 9.2 +/- 1.3%; P = 0.012). After dexamethasone, 11beta-HSD1 mRNA increased in both groups (P < 0.001), whereas 11beta-HSD2 mRNA decreased (P = 0.002). 11beta-HSD1 activity increased in diabetic subjects (P = 0.021) but not in controls, whereas 11beta-HSD2 activity did not change in either group. At baseline, there was a significant negative correlation between 11beta-HSD1 and 11beta-HSD2 enzyme activity (r = -0.463; P = 0.026). CONCLUSIONS: The activities of skeletal muscle 11beta-HSD1 and 11beta-HSD2 are altered in diabetes, which together may reduce intracellular cortisol generation, potentially conferring metabolic protection.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2308922
Created: 2009-06-18
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-06-18
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.