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Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell therapy alleviates left ventricular remodeling and improves heart function in rat-dilated cardiomyopathy.

Authors: Sun, CK  Chang, LT  Sheu, JJ  Chiang, CH  Lee, FY  Wu, CJ  Chua, S  Fu, M  Yip, HK 
Citation: Sun CK, etal., Crit Care Med. 2009 Apr;37(4):1197-205.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:19242323
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1097/CCM.0b013e31819c0667

OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that bone marrow-derived mononuclear cell (BMDMNC) therapy may improve cardiac function through preventing cell death, alleviating left ventricular (LV) remodeling, and enhancing angio-/vasculo-genesis, as well as preserving LV contractility in a rat model of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). DESIGN: A model of DCM in Sprague-Dawley rats was used to investigate the effects of BMDMNC therapy on inflammatory and oxidative response, energy depression, cellular apoptosis, expressions of protein kinase C-(PKC)-epsilon, and connexin43 protein (Cx43) in LV myocardium and heart function. SETTING: An animal model research laboratory at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. MEASUREMENTS: The rats were divided into group 1 (normal control, n = 8), group 2 (saline-treated DCM, n = 10), and group 3 (1.2 x 10 BMDMNC implanted into LV anterior wall on day 35 after DCM induction, n = 10). The DCM and normal control rats were killed on day 90 following DCM induction. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that Cx43 protein expression and messenger RNA expressions of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1 alpha, endothelial nitric oxide synthase, and interleukin-10 were higher, whereas messenger RNA expressions of endothelin-1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 were lower in groups 1 and 3 than in group 2 (all p < 0.05). Additionally, expressions of PKC-epsilon in plasma membrane and mitochondria and LV function were conserved in group 1 and improved in group 3, whereas cardiomyocyte apoptosis, mitochondrial oxidative stress, and fibrosis of LV myocardium were reduced in groups 1 and 3 than in group 2 (all p < 0.005). CONCLUSION: BMDMNC therapy in DCM significantly improves LV function by limiting cellular apoptosis, inflammatory and oxidative responses, and by up-regulating expressions of Cx43, PKC-epsilon, and energy transcription factors.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2311057
Created: 2009-06-22
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-06-22
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.