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Transient changes in the expression pattern of key enzymes for bile acid synthesis during rat liver regeneration.

Authors: Monte, MJ  Fernandez-Tagarro, M  Marin, JJ 
Citation: Monte MJ, etal., Biochim Biophys Acta. 2005 May 15;1734(2):127-35. Epub 2005 Mar 8.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:15904869
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.bbalip.2005.02.006

Changes in the expression patterns of genes involved in bile acid (BA) synthesis were investigated during rat liver regeneration that follows two-thirds partial hepatectomy. BAs in bile were measured by GC-MS and the absolute and relative abundance of specific mRNAs in the liver by RT-real-time quantitative PCR. Cyclin E mRNA, used as an indicator of liver cell proliferation, peaked at day 1. The levels of mRNA of alpha-fetoprotein transcription factor (FTF) and small heterodimer partner (SHP) were first reduced (day 1) and then (days 2-3) increased, when those of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) were also transiently enhanced. The early (day 1) up-regulation of Cyp7a1, and Cyp8b1, together with the down-regulation of Cyp27, was consistent with an increased proportion of cholic acid versus chenodeoxycholic acid and a progressive recovery in total BAs secretion. The transient appearance of flat BAs (allo-BAs plus Delta4-unsaturated-BAs) during rat liver regeneration was probably due to the changes in the expression ratio of steroid 5alpha- versus 5beta-reductase. Both were first (day 1) down-regulated and then up-regulated (5alpha-reductase more than 5beta-reductase). In conclusion, changes in the expression patterns of nuclear receptors and enzymes involved in BA synthesis are consistent with the transient modifications that occur in BA pool during rat liver regeneration.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2311607
Created: 2009-07-24
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-07-24
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.