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Circulating tissue factor procoagulant activity and thrombin generation in patients with type 2 diabetes: effects of insulin and glucose.

Authors: Boden, G  Vaidyula, VR  Homko, C  Cheung, P  Rao, AK 
Citation: Boden G, etal., J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Nov;92(11):4352-8. Epub 2007 Sep 4.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:17785358
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1210/jc.2007-0933

CONTEXT: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a hypercoagulable state. Tissue factor (TF) is the principal initiator of blood coagulation. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to examine the effects of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia on the TF pathway of blood coagulation in T2DM. DESIGN: Three study protocols were used: 1) acute correction of hyperglycemia (with iv insulin) followed by 24 h of euglycemia, 2) 24 h of selective hyperinsulinemia, and 3) 24 h of combined hyperinsulinemia and hyperglycemia. SETTING: The study took place at a clinical research center. STUDY PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 18 T2DM patients and 22 nondiabetic controls. RESULTS: Basal TF-procoagulant activity (TF-PCA), monocyte TF mRNA, plasma coagulation factor VII (FVIIc), and thrombin-anti-thrombin complexes were higher in T2DM than in nondiabetic controls, indicating a chronic procoagulant state. Acutely normalizing hyperglycemia over 2-4 h resulted in a small ( approximately 7%) but significant decline in TF-PCA with no further decline over 24 h. Raising insulin levels alone raised TF-PCA by 30%, whereas raising insulin and glucose levels together increased TF-PCA (by 80%), thrombin-anti-thrombin complexes, and prothrombin fragment 1.2. Plasma FVIIa and FVIIc declined with increases in TF-PCA. CONCLUSION: We conclude that the combination of hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, common in poorly controlled patients with T2DM, contributes to a procoagulant state that may predispose these patients to acute cardiovascular events.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2312381
Created: 2009-08-11
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-08-11
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.