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Tissue-cell- and species-specific expression of gonadotropin-regulated long chain acyl-CoA synthetase (GR-LACS) in gonads, adrenal and brain. Identification of novel forms in the brain.

Authors: Li, J  Sheng, Y  Tang, PZ  Tsai-Morris, CH  Dufau, ML 
Citation: Li J, etal., J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2006 Mar;98(4-5):207-17. Epub 2006 Feb 15.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16469493
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2005.10.005

Gonadotropin-regulated long chain acyl-CoA synthetase (GR-LACS) is a novel hormonally regulated fatty acyl-CoA synthetase (FACS) with activity for long-chain fatty acids. The presence of this enzyme in the Leydig cells of the mature rat testis and its mode of regulation suggest that it participates in testicular steroidogenesis. This study demonstrates that GR-LACS expression is tissue, cell and species-specific. The 79 kDa GR-LACS protein is expressed in rodent gonads and brain, and only in the mouse in the adrenal cortex. In the ovary of both species it is associated with follicles undergoing atresia. It is present in the newborn and immature testis tubules and after puberty only in the Leydig cells. A distinct GR-LACS protein species of 64 kDa that was more abundant than the 79 kDa long form was found in the rat brain. Also, a minor 73 kDa form was observed in the rat brain and mouse ovary. Two novel species resulting from alternatively splicing of the GR-LACS gene were identified in a rat brain cDNA library: a short form 1 (S1) lacking exon 8 and short form 2 (S2) lacking exons 6-8. Expression studies revealed that the sizes of the S1/S2 proteins are comparable to those of the endogenous variant species. Neither S form contains FACSs activity, suggesting that exon 8 is essential for the enzymatic function. GR-LACS variants exhibit small but significant dominant negative effects on the FACS activity of the long form. GR-LACS variants may regulate the long form's activity in the brain.

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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2313111
Created: 2009-09-09
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-09-09
Status: ACTIVE



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RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.