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Increased vascular endothelial growth factor expression but impaired vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling in the myocardium of type 2 diabetic patients with chronic coronary heart disease.

Authors: Sasso, FC  Torella, D  Carbonara, O  Ellison, GM  Torella, M  Scardone, M  Marra, C  Nasti, R  Marfella, R  Cozzolino, D  Indolfi, C  Cotrufo, M  Torella, R  Salvatore, T 
Citation: Sasso FC, etal., J Am Coll Cardiol. 2005 Sep 6;46(5):827-34.
Pubmed: (View Article at PubMed) PMID:16139132
DOI: Full-text: DOI:10.1016/j.jacc.2005.06.007

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the expression and the activity of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the hearts of diabetic patients with chronic coronary heart disease (CHD). BACKGROUND: Diabetes is characterized by a decreased collateral vessel formation in response to coronary ischemic events, although the role of VEGF in human diabetic macroangiopathy has not been fully investigated. METHODS: Biopsies of left ventricular (LV) myocardium were obtained from 10 patients with type 2 diabetes and 10 non-diabetic patients with chronic CHD, all undergoing surgical coronary revascularization. Right ventricle myocardial samples taken from normal hearts were used as control specimens. Vascular endothelial growth factor and VEGF-receptors (flt-1 and flk-1) were evaluated by Western blot, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and real-time RT-PCR. Akt and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) protein expression and their phosphorylated forms were also evaluated by Western blot. RESULTS: Vascular endothelial growth factor, flt-1, and flk-1 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein expressions were increased in non-diabetic patients with CHD compared with control subjects. Remarkably, in diabetic patients, VEGF mRNA and protein levels were significantly higher, whereas flt-1, flk-1 mRNA, and protein were lower when compared with non-diabetic patients. Interestingly, phospho-flk-1 was reduced in diabetic patients compared with non-diabetic patients. As a consequence, Akt phosphorylation, eNOS protein and its phosphorylated form were significantly higher in the samples from non-diabetic patients compared with diabetic patients. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic CHD in diabetic patients is characterized by an increased VEGF myocardial expression and a decreased expression of its receptors along with a down-regulation of its signal transduction. The latter could be partially responsible for the reduced neoangiogenesis in diabetic patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.


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CRRD Object Information
CRRD ID: 2313728
Created: 2009-10-12
Species: All species
Last Modified: 2009-10-12
Status: ACTIVE


RGD is funded by grant HL64541 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute on behalf of the NIH.